At China G20, China debated best multi-win ideas for 21st youth productivity - that Adam Smith or Maynard Keynes would score. ref 1 -cg A B z

online library of norman macrae-- Entrepreneurial Revolution - the curriculum of how to value small enterprise and sustainability exponentials of the net generation - was started by alumni of Norman Macrae The Economist 1972. By 1976, Norman was clarifying why the sixth of the world (whose brand reality is) communal pride and individually passionate to be Chinese need to be valued by netgen as critical friends to uniting sustainability race for planet and humanity. More on "why china" is systematically pivotal to 21st C coming of age in sidebar. Chinathanks.com maps 1) countries joining Chinese inspired sustainability open systems solutions as well as 2) which global youth professions (eg coding) are mapping value sustaining trades with china - eg EWTP : 21st C version of Silk Road of celebrated by Marco Polo and Hangzhou goal 14 oceans AIIB 1 ted hosts -- 2017 year of mapping sustainability banking -china to commercialize 5g by 2020

Saturday, August 6, 2016

The exit of an education pioneer does not bode well for a groundbreaking Shenzhen university
PUBLISHED : Saturday, 06 September, 2014, 4:30am
UPDATED : Saturday, 06 September, 2014, 4:45am
It was a beginning and an end in one.
As the new semester began, Zhu Qingshi delivered his last welcome speech to incoming students at the South University of Science and Technology of China in Shenzhen, marking an official end to his five-year run as the founding president at an institution once touted as the future for other mainland universities.
For some pessimists, Zhu's departure marks the end, if not the total failure, of a high-profile experiment aimed at cutting through all the red tape Zhu saw as restricting the flow of creativity and innovation among students.
In his speech to more than 600 first-year students on Monday, Zhu repeated the question renowned scientist Qian Xuesen raised when he met then premier Wen Jiabao in 2005: why is it that China's universities cannot foster outstanding talent, despite the wealth of money and resources poured into the system?
Zhu's answer was that the existing education system focused too much on textbooks and exams, leaving little room for students to expand their knowledge, pursue their interests and experiment with ideas.
He had hoped the new university, modelled on Hong Kong facilities with an independent administration and curriculum, could make students more innovative because they would by rated not only on their exam scores but also on their ability to learn and solve problems.
The first batch of 45 students Zhu recruited in 2011 even bypassed the gaokao, the otherwise mandatory national college entrance exams that some criticise as too rigid and broad.
The radical move sparked fierce public debate and now means that those students will not receive a bachelor's degree accredited by the Ministry of Education when they graduate next year.
With Zhu's tenure ending, many wonder how long the groundbreaking approach will last. The university, which is fully funded by the Shenzhen government, is yet to name a new president.
In January, the city government appointed a former head of the Shenzhen public security bureau to replace Zhu as the university's party boss, raising fears that the institution's independence would be jeopardised.
But Zhu had already made a number of compromises with his ideal of a bureaucracy-free university just so that the facility could get off the ground.
Those compromises were unusual for Zhu, a chemist by training, who, according to some local media reports, was known for his frankness in his previous role as president of the University of Science and Technology of China in Anhui .
For instance, Zhu had to live with the fact that Shenzhen officials dominated the university's decision-making council from the start of the experiment.
In 2011, the Shenzhen authorities embarked on an open recruitment campaign for two vice-presidents, promising the successful candidates an official ranking on par with that of a district chief.
In 2012, the university was fully accredited by the Ministry of Education, which some critics said left it with no more freedom than any other mainland university because it had to gain official approval for many of its experiments.
Xiong Bingqi , deputy director of the 21st Century Education Research Institute, said that five years after its founding the university was moving further away from its dream of being on the educational cutting edge and looking increasingly like any other traditional mainland university.
Yet Zhu's experiment cannot be called a complete failure. Two students among the first 45 admitted in 2011 have been accepted by Britain's University of Oxford and University College London this summer, even though they won't receive degrees recognised by China's Ministry of Education. The other students will graduate next spring.
In his bittersweet look back at the last five years, Zhu told mainland newspapers that he wanted to be remembered as an "experimenter" of education reform.

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