Search the world with 36 nations plus UN plus IMF agreeing with china that coastal ports and railRoads link over 90% of world trade $BR0 china
#BR12 UN IMF #BR1 japan far east isles asean10 Malaysia #BR2 Bangladesh india Pakistan #BR3 Russia #BR4 central euro/asia #Br5 west euro Italy Switzerland #BR6 n america #BR7 UAE mideast #BR8 med sea nations #BR9 africa - egypt rwanda #BR10 Latin AM #BR11 Arctic/polar

top Belt Road Maps of 2018 s Entrepreneurial networks best cases in China & Bangla:
NATURES CHILDREN:
BillionGirlsBoys ask: can every banker/educator see their trust in Belt Road's top 100 stories.. Is Trump King Canute? Valueless is The economist whose world trade maps fail poorest billion youth's livelihoods in our children's worldwide

THE DC SPRING 2018
(BRI) Belt Road Imagineering is now trusted by 70 national leaders as empowering the sustainbility generation- which of these 100 stories can help bankers or educators near you join in to this system for mapping win-win trades aligned to the sustainability goals generation? portal 1

catalogue world record jobs creators by 13 BRI maps- tour BR clubs- EWTP celebrate first people freed by e-commerce and jack ma
.BRI.school map top 13 sdg world trade routes 0 inside china, 1 East-Belt,
2 South-Belt; 3NorthBelt
4 centre eurasia &E.Euro; 5WEuro 6 N.Am; 7 MidEast8MedSea 9Africa 10LatinAm11 Arctic Circle 12UN-urgent....
BELT Road quiz

Belt quiz is about earth's seas and coastal belt - which coastal belt is your country most dependent on, does if have a superport connecting maps of world favorite superports, do your peoples have access to this superport (nb we recommend analysing countries imprt and exports by 1 energy, 2 all other goods
Road quiz : what are your continents longest roads (designed as including all of railroad or car-road, pipes for energy, water, sanitaion; tech cables)- do your peoples have access to the great roads

technology now permis us to play game: which peoples have been most deprived by accidents of history to basic belt road freedoms- among 10 most populated nations no people have been less included than those in bangladesh- tell us where else you map.....................
...
today BRAC.net offers the livelihood learning network poorest billion communities need most - 40 years ago
online library of norman macrae--.........................Entrepreneurial Revolution - curriculum: how to value small enterprise and sustainability exponentials of net generation - by alumni of Norman Macrae The Economist 1968. By 1976, Norman best news ever: the fifth of the world (whose brand reality is) Chinese can be valued by netgen as critical friends to uniting sustainability race for planet and humanity
eg EWTP : 21st C version of Silk Road of celebrated by Marco Polo and Hangzhou goal 14 oceansAIIB 1 ted hosts -- 2017 year of mapping sustainability banking -china to commercialize 5g by 2020 -valuing culture -jack ma 1 2e3 .Chinathanks.com maps 1) countries joining Chinese inspired sustainability open systems solutions as well as 2) which global youth professions (eg coding) are mapping value sustaining trades with china

Tuesday, December 31, 2030

chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk co-author 1884's 2025 report  writes- can we the people escape the big brother end game caused by politicians egos taking over from what we the peoples- our children as first sdg generation could do with trillion times more comp and connec than needed to code the moon race- timeline 1 90% of humans will need to know by start of 21st c that man's greatest risk is dscrepancy in incomes and expectations between rich and poor nations

flask back :43 year ago to the most exciting human development journey on the planet starts with a fifth of the world's people in 1977 -ready to come out of poverty on mainland china - trapped for over 120 years by britain's assertion that either the chinese accept opium as a trading currency or the counttry be disconnected form world trade -and all because the britis ruling classes loved cups of tea

dad norman macrae reports from china in the economist 1977 - 






 


cut to summer 2017 -what will happen next

Joint Press Release of the Fourth “1+6” Roundtable November 21st, 2019 Beijing China Premier Li Keqiang of the State Council of China, together with World Bank Group (WBG) President David Malpass, International Monetary Fund (IMF) Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva, World Trade Organization (WTO) Deputy DirectorGeneral Alan Wolff, International Labor Organization (ILO) Director-General Guy Ryder, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) SecretaryGeneral Angel Gurría, Financial Stability Board (FSB) Chair Randal K. Quarles, held the“1+6” Roundtable (hereafter referred to as “the Roundtable” )in Beijing on November 21st , 2019. Themed around “Promoting Openness, Stability and High Quality Development of the World Economy”, the participants had candid exchange of views on the world economy and the Chinese economy, and global economic governance. All parties stressed the need to pursue appropriate fiscal, monetary and financial policies, continue to advance structural reform, shore up financial resilience, maintain and strengthen the rules-based multilateral trading system, support appropriate participation of countries in global value chains, advance international cooperation, strengthen the facilitation of global public goods, strengthen development cooperation around sustainable development, promote quality job creation and support a humancentered approach to improve labor markets; support China's high quality development through reforms and opening-up; and jointly work towards strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth of the global economy.

Remarks by Angel Gurría

OECD Secretary-General

21 November 2019 - Beijing, People's Republic of China

(As prepared for delivery)

 

 

 

Dear Premier Li:


Thank you for your invitation to the fourth 1 + 6 Roundtable Meeting. Next year marks the 25th anniversary of OECD-China co-operation, and five years since your historic visit to our Headquarters in Paris, where we signed our first Joint Work Programme (JWP).  We look forward to finalising our next JWP, which will bring China closer to our best practice international standards. This will be good for China, and good for the world!


The global economy remains lacklustre, with many problems and pressures building up.

The OECD’s November Economic Outlook – which we released today – projects growth to ease to 2.9% in 2019 and barely reach 3% in 2020. This is a steep downgrade from what we expected just six months ago in advanced and emerging economies. They are also the weakest annual growth rates since the global financial crisis in 2008. As we’ve heard from others around the table, trade policy tensions are the main force dragging down the global economy. The accumulation of risks in the financial system – high debts and deteriorating debt quality in particular – is also troublesome.


Governments must coordinate and take action to steer their economies towards stronger, more inclusive and sustainable growth. In advanced economies, this requires a stronger use of fiscal policy, geared towards public investments to seize the opportunities of digitalisation and accelerate the energy transition. Fiscal action should be accompanied by a renewed commitment to structural reform. The OECD’s report, Progress on Structural Reform Under the G20 Enhanced Structural Reform Agenda (ESRA) – which we are releasing today – finds that G20 economies have made insufficient progress in advancing the structural reform agenda endorsed at the G20 Leaders’ Summit in Hangzhou, and must go further.

 

Let me share three global priorities on trade, markets, and tax to support today’s discussions.


First, halting the build-up of new trade restrictions and restoring predictability for people and businesses.


While tariffs are a big part of the story, trade facilitation also matters. Domestic regulations affecting both goods and services matter even more. For trade to flow freely, regulations must be transparent, non-discriminatory, and proportionate to the objective being pursued. We must address these concerns together, while also tackling new challenges, such as trade in the digital era and the dangerous impacts of trade on the environment. Reducing trade policy uncertainty will facilitate private investment and help revitalise growth prospects, particularly if agreed at the multilateral level.

 

Second, supporting fair, efficient, and well-governed markets.


The OECD’s international standards – reinforced by our Business for Inclusive Growth Initiative, which I launched with President Macron on the eve of the G7 Biarritz Summit last August – are key to levelling the global playing field.


We are continuing our dialogue with China on combatting bribery and corruption, strengthening corporate governance practices through China’s endorsement of the G20/OECD Principles of Corporate Governance, and elevating responsible business conduct practices.


Moving closer to OECD standards benefits the global economy while also helping China to diffuse tensions, ensure the best practice design of Belt and Road projects, and accelerate the progress of domestic reforms. For example, our recently revised Code of Liberalisation of Capital Movements can support China’s efforts to liberalise its capital flows. We look forward to working with China towards adherence to the revised Codes and our Anti-Bribery Convention, in line with the G20’s call for all Members to endorse these instruments.

 

Third, delivering a consensus-based global solution to the tax challenges arising from the digitalisation of the economy.


The G20 has mandated the OECD, working through the Inclusive Framework on BEPS, to deliver this solution by the end of 2020. Over 130 countries are working together on an equal footing to reconcile different perspectives, priorities and ideas into a common way forward. Our work on this issue represents multilateralism at its best; it shows what is possible when all countries embrace a spirit of co-operation. We aim to have an agreement on the core structure of the global solution by January, and a final agreement for political endorsement by June 2020. China’s leadership and support for this work is commendable and must continue.

 

China’s economic outlook.

Turning to China’s economic outlook, GDP growth will moderate to around 5.5 per cent in 2021, as the economy continues rebalancing from investment to consumption-led growth, and trade tensions remain high.


Against the backdrop of slowing investment, our forthcoming 2020 Economic Outlook for Southeast AsiaChina and India recommends that China place greater emphasis on the efficiency of investment projects, and let the market play a greater role in allocating resources and pricing of the factors of production. This recommendation is consistent with calls made by the Third Plenum of the 18th Central Committee in 2013.
Tackling current headwinds requires structural reforms that will support growth. For example, import tariff cuts over the past year have lifted per capita GDP growth by 2.5 percentage points over the long-run. An even greater impact is expected from reducing barriers to foreign direct investment: if China reduced FDI restrictiveness to the OECD average level, GDP growth would be boosted by over 10 percentage points in the long run!


As noted in our 2019 Economic Survey of China, efforts to support competitive neutrality should also continue.


Ladies and Gentlemen:


The OECD is proud to partner with China as it seeks to integrate further into the global economy and become a key pillar of the multilateral system. Multilateralism is the only way forward if we want to address the many problems we face, including the climate emergency. It brings all parties to the negotiating table, enhances mutual understanding and supports the development of best practices and international standards that address common global challenges.


The OECD looks forward to keep working with and for China to design, develop and deliver better policies for better lives. Thank you.


bye bye 2010s from chinathanks.com starting 2020
during 2010s we experimented with 13 #br tags - whether you =use belt road or other glossary - 90% of we the peoples depend life critically on borderless world processes - remember tsunami 2004 that rolled on for 6 hours devastating coasts with no mobile phone warning peoples across borders - now we find we are no better protected against virus

have a look at some tours we are developing with googles relatively new tool


sorosuni.com join alumni of money marketers who loved to see societies thrive round planet earth
Economist's norman macrae foundation


map world in which english teaches greatest risk to species isgaps between rich & poor nations
Economist's norman macrae foundation


microcollege hub gravitating soros first 20 partners OSUNiversity
masterclass100.com


osun.app what if man-machine sustainability= loving each others nations children
masterclass100.com

in 2020s we need more detailed mapping
coastal belts are vital as 90% of world trade of goods is shipped
however natures voices have been reported by eg atenborough-
7 worlds one planet reports from 7 contuntal lands
it foollow on blue oceans series that repored from ocean view
as un reminds u quarter of all nations are sids- small island developing states
-they have huge ocean fronts if little lan resources
thir ciral gets devasstated by ocean warming
their fish get suffcated by platic
their natural defence agaibst tsunmi gets destroyed by tourism developments
now their torist undustry may be devastated by virus travel restrictions
they are often in huurican pathways
many have since subprime been penalised - a few islands thatmoney lunder cause all islands to be punished by some of the digital world standard makers
-a reminder of how we humans have no futureif we cant map deepest local diversitie- much smarer education is needed gennmically if the younger half of the world are to be the sd generation

fortuately someone like jack ma is a universal local hero- helping unctad choose 100 youth from each developing nation - how can tech big data apps remap the borderless world weneed to share life critical last mile service designs around
1/4 oil exports russian friends, 1/4 saudi arabia f, nearly 1/4 North Am, rest in places big 3 made conflict zones- how's youth to win both peace with oil & beyond peak oil- sack all in congress & EU &HP unable to true media this,end $ as global money... arcticuni.com
FREEDOM OF WHOM
sometimes , especially as winter wonderland approaches, you have to wonder does us congress try to stop true media debates of human needs across east west maps because since jf kennedy assasination the ability of congress to map north south trade equitably has been more scary than the abomibale snowman

Wednesday, December 25, 2030


UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres spoke highly of the Belt and Road Initiative, saying
05:11, 28-Apr-2019

Antonio Guterres who is attending the second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing.
11:16, 26-Apr-2019

Stressing that the UN is an important partner in co-building the Belt and Road, Chinese President Xi Jinping said China stands ready to work with the UN to comprehensively promote the building of the Belt and Road under the principle of achieving shared growth through discussion and collaboration.
09:10, 26-Apr-2019

Chinese President Xi Jinping highlighted innovation, green investment and the need for transparency in Belt and Road projects, as he slammed protectionism and called for more free trade at the opening of the Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing on Friday.
02:21, 26-Apr-2019

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has spoken exclusively to Chinese media in a joint interview
11:00, 24-Apr-2019

The BRI Forum is resetting perceptions where there might be problems to that end (debt, transparency), as well as create new platforms for future connectivity projects.
03:12, 24-Apr-2019

Development Goals and building a safer, more just world for future generations, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said on Tuesday.
22:43, 23-Apr-2019

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said Tuesday that the Belt and Road Initiative is a very important opportunity to the world.
22:00, 23-Apr-2019

Tuesday, December 24, 2030

Malaysian trade minister Darell Leiking said China and the US, “whether they like it or not, will impact everyone in the global value chain and supply chain”. Photo: AFP
ma
malaYSIA first to found digital world's free trade area foR SMALL ENTERPRISES
CHINA
Malaysian minister says China, US have ‘global responsibility’ on trade
27 Apr, 2019 - 04:18 pm
Darell Leiking says uncertainty created by conflict has caused shift in region’s supply chain that ‘has already impacted the world for five to 10 years’.

Tuesday, January 1, 2030

wow sustainability goals took lot of work- special thanks to youth of china and golden era of sino-english language relationships-

Jan 2018 to celebrate the golden era of sino-english learning economies proposed by China and Britains Prime Minister help world record jobs creators launch

BRI.school = curriculum of Belt Road Initiatives shared by 100 nations 5th grade teachers


BRI.mba - valuing goodwill partnerships needed to end poverty by 2020 and be benchmark for ecological civilsation by 2050

BRI.systems -mapping youth frindship networks : china to and from the workld's coastlines and overland (engineering 21st C rails, pipes of green energy, water telcom)

Tuesday, September 14, 2021

 Legal 

United States

Stanford professors urge U.S. to end program looking for Chinese spies in academia

3 minute read
1/4

Stanford University's campus is seen from atop Hoover Tower in Stanford, California, U.S. on May 9, 2014. REUTERS/Beck Diefenbach/File Photo

Sept 13 (Reuters) - A group of Stanford University professors has asked the Justice Department to stop looking for Chinese spies at U.S. universities, joining an effort by human rights groups to end a Trump administration program they said caused racial profiling and was terrorizing some scientists.

The "China Initiative," launched in late 2018, aimed to prevent U.S. technology theft by China but has since "deviated significantly from its claimed mission," according to a Sept. 8 letter signed by 177 Stanford faculty members and made public by them on Monday.

"(I)t is harming the United States' research and technology competitiveness and it is fueling biases that, in turn, raise concerns about racial profiling," the letter said.

That letter is now being supported by about 140 University of California, Berkeley professors who have signed on since late last week, according to Randy Schekman, Berkeley professor and Nobel prize winner for physiology or medicine.

Asked about criticism of the China Initiative, Justice Department spokesperson Wyn Hornbuckle said the government was "dedicated to countering unlawful (Chinese) government efforts to undermine America's national security and harm our economy," while acknowledging the threat of hate crimes against Asia Americans. "We take seriously concerns about discrimination," he said.

The Justice Department has published details of at least 27 cases related to the initiative, with results including some guilty pleas, some cases dropped and some ongoing.

Professors at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University were among those charged, as were five Chinese scientists who were visiting scholars last year - although those charges were dropped in July. read more

On Thursday, a federal judge in Tennessee acquitted a professor accused of hiding Chinese ties in his NASA research grant application, saying prosecutors failed to provide evidence he intended to defraud the government.

"I think what the FBI's done in most cases is to scare people - investigating people and interrogating them. And it's harmful to the country," said Peter Michelson, Stanford's senior associate dean for the natural sciences and an organizer of the letter.

Another organizer, Stanford physicist Steven Kivelson, said he became involved because he saw his colleagues of Chinese origin suffered from the hostile environment they were subjected to due to the initiative.

Former U.S. Energy Secretary and Nobel prize winner Steven Chu, a professor at Stanford, said that rather than help protect U.S. advantages in technology and understanding, the program risked undermining America's lead in science.

"We were the brain gain for half a century," he told Reuters in an interview. "You really want to throw this away?"

Reporting By Jane Lanhee Lee; Editing by Peter Henderson, Daniel Wallis and Steve Orlofsky